Gondar ,the 17th century capital of Ethiopia , is located about 748 km North Western of Addis Ababa. The city is well known for its Castles and churches .Its medieval glory is reflected in the famous castles of the emperors of the time, especially that of Emperor Fasiledas.
The Castles of Gondar are today the most visible expression of the relatively near past history of Ethiopia.
Harar Jugol, the Fortified Historic Town
The city of Harrar, one of the oldest cities in the country, was founded in the 7th century A.D Harrar was a major trading crossroad and a center of Islamic learning. Fortified against invaders, its provocative five gate wall (Jugol) was built between the 13th and 16th centuries.
The town is famous for unique layout of its houses, its intricate basketry, coffee and hyena feeding.The narrow winding streets of Harrar contain over 99 mosques and are considered as the fourth holiest city of Islam, next to Mecca, medina and Jerusalem.
The Intricately Carved Tiya Megaliths of Ethiopia
Tiya is among the most important of the roughly 160 archaeological sites discovered so far in the Soddo area, south of Addis Ababa.
The pre historic site of Tiya in Southern Ethiopia houses 36 obelisks, including 32 carved stelae covered with symbols, believed to be ancient tomb stones. According to UNESCO, these are the remains of ancient Ethiopian cultures whose age has not yet been precisely determined. The erection of megalithic monuments such as those is a very ancient tradition in Ethiopia. These obelisks are not soaring monoliths as in Axum, but they contain depictions of swards and various symbols not found in other regions.